When Bradbury was born in 1920, Burroughs had recently left
Oak Park, Phillips noted.
The Pleasant Home,
site of a wine and cheese reception during the 2005
Dum-Dum and home of a second-floor room devoted to Burroughs, was the
site of the panel hosted by the Historical Society of Oak Park and River
Forest. The talk is the penultimate part of the "One Book, Two Villages"
celebration of Bradburyís Fahrenheit 451 that ended May 7.
Frank Lipo, executive director of the historical society, introduced
panel members in the first-floor room of the former mansion. He called
Spannraft, "the driving force behind the exhibit upstairs."
Pleasant Home ~ Greg Phillips ~ Jerry Spannraft ~
Spannraft, who hosted the Oak Park Dum-Dum, said he had two personal
contacts with Bradbury. Spannraft was listed as being on the May
3 panel but sat in the audience.
In the early 1980s, Spannraft was in San Francisco when he saw Bradbury
in a coffeehouse.
"We talked about a number of things. He asked questions about the Burroughs
"He said 'Edgar Rice Burroughs is the greatest American writer that
ever lived.' That says a lot. I said, 'Donít you mean the greatest science
fiction writer?' He glared at me and said, 'No.'"
Kryn said Bradbury and Burroughs "are huge in literature of the 20th
Bradbury "loved Burroughs and Waukegan," the Illinois town where he
grew up, he added.
Bradbury is "one of the greatest writers of the 20th century," Kryn
said, adding Bradbury does not like being called a science fiction writer
because it pigeonholes him.
Lipo read to the audience from Bradbury's introduction to Irwin Porges'
biography of Burroughs.
Bradbury said he read and memorized Burroughs' books and "fell in love
The 85-year-old author said actor Lon Chaney, author Edgar
Allan Poe, and character King Kong changed his life in many
ways but, "Mr. Burroughs, convinced me I could talk to the animals even
if they didn't talk back."
Lipo said what he read was "part of the spark" for that night's program.
The panelists talked of libraries and other institutions having previously
ignored chronicling writers or those associated with them.
McWhorter, editor and publisher of the Burroughs Bulletin magazine,
said his mother, Nell, is the reason for his whole collection. He donated
the Burroughs books when she died in 1976. "No library had all his books."
He started with 6,000 books and magazines that grew to 100,000 by the
turn of the century. "It keeps growing." The inventory of the collection
is at 100 pages and only one-third done.
McWhorter taught Burroughs classes at University of Louisville. "I said
90 percent of what I do is Burroughs," so he became the Burroughs curator.
"The University of Louisville said it was looking for a rare book librarian.
I felt so much at home at this university, that I stayed," he said in answering
a woman's question about how he got his job.
Spannraft said John Taliaferro did nine-tenths of his research
at the University of Louisville for his biography of Burroughs, which is
ERB Bios by Irwin Porges and John Taliaferro
Kryn called McWhorter, "THE Edgar Rice Burroughs researcher." He added,
"I just hope Bradbury has a McWhorter in 70 years."
As part of his platform when he was running for the Oak Park Library
Board in the 1980s, Spannraft stated, "I said I want to make sure Edgar
Rice Burroughs gets his due that's owed him and the Oak Park Library has
one copy of every book Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote." Spannraft said Oak
Park was promoting former residents author Ernest Hemingway and
architect Frank Lloyd Wright, but Burroughs, "really didnít have
much going for him."
A letter to the editor appeared in the local newspaper calling it a
terrible idea and claiming Burroughs was racist, he said.
Spannraft said he wrote to Bradbury asking for his thoughts on a response.
"He wrote me back, 'This person is an idiot.' and it would waste my
time and his to respond. (Burroughs) was a fiction writer who wrote according
to the time in which he lived."
Since then, the Oak Park Library has every Burroughs book, Spannraft
Bledig said that Burroughs illustrator J. Allen St. John had worked
as a teacher at the Art Institute in Chicago for many years. She once called
the Art Institute to find out what St. John items they had in their collection
and was told they had only two posters -- and they werenít available to
be viewed ("due to renovations").
Kryn said Waukegan was his Bradbury's world as a youngster. "He took
us to Mars, to adventures."
"I decided I had to make a pilgrimage (to Waukegan)." He went to the
library looking for its information about on Bradbury and said the librarian
came out only with a file folder.
Kryn went to the City Hall, got copies of his Bradbury's parents' house
deed and birth certificates of his parents and talked to the mayor. "He
said I was right. I said I would organize the Ray Bradbury Society."
Phillips said Burroughs and Bradbury, "both are Illinois boys, both
wrote classic stories of Mars."
Burroughs was imitated; Bradbury came up with his own planet, he said.
Burroughs first wrote about Mars in 1911, Phillips said. "He imagined
a world that was a dangerous place to live, but fun to read about."
A Princess of Mars was the first in Burroughs' Mars series.
Mars is called Barsoom Burrough introduces green and red Martians
and later, black, yellow and white, Phillips said.
Red Martians lay eggs and live a thousand years; green Martians are
12 to 15 feet tall and have four arms and huge tusks. The weapon of choice
is a sword, he said.
Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles combined his stories. There
were similarities between the two authors, such as ancient cities and dried-up
lakes, he said.
McWhorter called Fahrenheit 451 one of the great dystopian novels
of the modern age and said he saw similarities to Burroughs' The Moon
Bledig compared censorship issues, with book-burning in Bradbury's Fahrenheit
451 and changing of text in Burroughs books being printed in paperback.
Reading the paperbacks after the hardcovers, she said something bothered
her with paperbacks and "didnít seem right."
"I was horrified to discover someone tampered with the paperback (text)."
She cites particularly the speech of Esmeralda, Jane's family's maid.
"I vowed that I would never purchase another Ballantine paperback if the
money was going directly into Ballantine's coffers."
She resisted her vow when Ballantine published paperbacks with new cover
art, but said she bought them only from used book dealers -- never new.
Bradbury says censorship is unacceptable; "changing an author's words
is just as unacceptable," she said.
Kryn noted that at the Oak Park Center for Creativity, "we get the Burroughs
history everywhere." Over the years, many bus trips have been arranged
to the various Burroughs Oak Park sites in conjunction with the numerous
ERB conventions that have been held in the area.
McWhorter said author Harlan Ellison started a campaign for a
Burroughs memorial park in California. He couldn't get through to the politicians,
so he took "Star Trek" actor Leonard Nimoy with him.
"They said yes to everything. We got a memorial park."
McWhorter also noted Bradbury told him he had missed the Tarzan comic
"I sent him copies, he was delighted." Bradbury sent a check and autographed
photo, he said.
Both "had imaginations that never stopped," he added.
Lipo noted McWhorter had a career as an opera singer until he had problems
with vocal chords.
On Lipo's prompting, McWhorter said his war cry of a bull ape, better
known as a Tarzan yell.
Frank Lipo ~ Jeff Long ~ Jim Hadac ~ George McWhorter
Also in the audience of about 20 that night were Jeff Long, who
videotaped the panel with Joan Bledig's camera, and Jim Hadac, known
as "Red Hawk" on erblist.
Afterwards, people visited the "Tarzan, Mars and the Fertile Mind
of Edgar Rice Burroughs" exhibit at Pleasant Home.